The consumer movement is a social movement which involves all actions by the manufacturers, service providers and the government to protect the rights of the consumers. ‘Consumer protection’ involves assurance against anti-consumer practices by the traders and producers. Anti-consumer practices may include providing defective products, deficiency in services, adulterated products, sub-standard quality, restrictive trade practices, fractional weights and measures, overcharging, counterfeits and duplicate products, fake websites, misleading and unfair trade practices. Thus, curbing such wrong practices and providing speedy redressal to consumers is a part of consumer protection.
Opportunities in Animal Nutrition
The Indian animal feed market was worth INR 817 Billion in 2018. The market is further projected to reach INR 1,683 Billion by 2024, growing at a CAGR of 12.7% during 2019- 2024. India currently represents one of the fastest growing animal feed markets in the world. The increasing demand for animal protein and dairy products has resulted in a growing livestock population in India, which in turn has increased the demand for animal feed. Currently the poultry, aqua and dairy industry accounts for the major share of the Indian animal feed industry. Modern animal feed products are manufactured by carefully selecting and blending ingredients to impart highly nutritional diets that both increase the quality of its end products such as meat, milk, eggs.
Key Highlights of the Consumer Protection Act
- Establishment of Consumer Commissions
To provide inexpensive, speedy and summary redressal of consumer disputes, quasi-judicial bodies have been set up in each district and state and at the national level, which would be called as the District Commissions.
2 Central Consumer Protection Authority (CCPA):
The Act proposes establishment of a central regulator, Central Consumer Protection Authority (CCPA). The Authority would address matters related to consumer rights, unfair trade practices, misleading advertisements and impose penalties for selling faulty and fake products.
3 Consumer Councils:
Chapter II of the Consumer Protection Act, 2019 envisages setting up of the Consumer Protection Councils at the Centre, in all the States and in each district.
4 Product Liability:
Chapter VI applies to every claim for compensation under product liability action by a complainant for any harm caused by a defective product manufactured by a product manufacturer or serviced by a product service provider or sold by a product seller.
Chapter V of the Act introduces the concept of mediation for providing speedy redressal to consumers. The State Government, by notification, would open a consumer mediation cell which would be attached to each of the District Commissions and the State Commissions of that State.
6 Unfair Contracts:
It means a contract between a manufacturer or trader or service provider on one hand, and a consumer on the other, having such terms which cause significant change in the rights of such consumer.
7 Ease in Filing of Complaints:
Several provisions aimed at simplifying the consumer dispute adjudication process in the consumer commissions have been added.
- E-Commerce and Direct Selling Guidelines:
E-commerce guidelines would be mandatory under consumer protection law which would include 14- day deadline to effect refund request. It would mandate e-tailers to display details of sellers supplying goods and services on their websites and moot the procedure to resolve consumer complaints.
9 Strict penalties for Endorsers:
Under the New legislature if the Central Consumer Protection Authority is satisfied after investigation that any advertisement is false or misleading and is prejudicial to the interest of any consumer or is in contravention of consumer rights.
Ministry of Fisheries, Animal Husbandry and Dairying Department of Fisheries
Duties and Responsibilities:-
- The Director General will be responsible to the Government for the scientific, technical, administrative and financial functions of Fishery Survey of India and would exercise the powers delegated to him as Head of Department.
- He will translate the Government policies on Fishery Survey of India into action by proper planning and implementation of its activities.
- He will provide requisite leadership in Scientific, technical, managerial and operational functionaries under him and keep necessary direction and control over the functions of Fishery Survey of India.
- He would advise the Government on marine fishery resources, its exploitation, etc. as and when required and represent the Government in committees, delegations, etc, when nominated.
- To carry out any other work as ordered by Government from time to time.
The Citizenship (Amendment) Bill, 2019 came into effect on 12 December 2019 after the President gave his accent following approval by both houses of Parliament. Myanmar’s state counsellor Aung San Suu Kyi defended the Myanmar government against the allegations of the genocide of Rohingyas at the International Court of Justice (ICJ) at the Hague.Click Here to Share This on Whatsapp
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