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Indian Navy, the Naval branch of the Indian Armed Forces, has a history of over 4 centuries. Since India’s Independence, Navy has been securing the country’s maritime borders along with enhancing the international relations through humanitarian relief missions, joint exercise etc. Till year 2014, the total strength of the Indian Navy was 58,350 personnel and a significantly large operational fleet.
Although, there are estimates of India having a maritime history of more than 5,600 years, the significant one was started in year 1612 when East India Company Marine was established by the British. More than 3 centuries later, in year 1934, the Navy was renamed as Royal Indian Navy. Royal Indian Navy had also taken part in the World War II in the Indian ocean region. After independence, the prefix ‘Royal’ was dropped and the new name ‘Indian Navy’ was adopted officially.
Since independence, Indian Navy has been playing an imperative role in securing the maritime borders of the country. It has been involved in a number of conflicts and operations since then including Indian annexation of Goa (1961), Sino – Indian War (1962), Indo-Pakistani War of 1965, Indo-Pakistani War of 1971, and Kargil War in 1999.
Talking about the operational structure of the Indian Navy, it operates with three commands, with each command headed by a flag officer commander in chief. The commander of the Navy is Chief of Navy Staff.
The important arms of the Indian Navy include Naval Air Arm and Marcos (Maritime Commando Force). Operational fleet of the Navy has a variety of ships, submarines, high-tech weapon systems, Electronic warfare and systems management, Information technology cadre, Naval satellite etc.
As per its 14th plan, the Indian Navy aims to have over 150 ships, 500 aircraft and helicopters by year 2027.