UPSC (Union Public Service Commission), one of the India’s oldest central agencies, takes care of the whole sphere of public service examinations in the Civil, Defense, Economic, Medical and Scientific domains. Being one of the most important central agencies in providing talent pool to the central government, the UPSC offers public service commission for both union and state levels. It is Headquartered in the National Capital and functions with full freedom and autonomy with India’s higher judiciary and submits an annual report of its work to the President of India.
The history of UPSC dates back to year 1926, when the first public service commission of the country was established under sir Ross Barker’s chairmanship. However, due to the limited advisory function granted to it, there was a huge demand to make this agency more powerful and independent during the freedom movement, which resulted in its being converted to ‘Federal Public Service Commission’ in year 1935. After the independence, the constitutional status was granted to it on 26th January 1950.
Over the years, the number of aspirants for the UPSC examinations has increased exponentially due to upward shooting number of educated young population and a significant increase in the pay scale through various pay commissions. The range of examinations conducted by UPSC includes, ICS (Indian Civil Services), IFS (Indian Forest Service), IES (Indian Engineering Services), NDA (National Defense Academy), CDS (Combined Defense Service), AC (Assistant Commandant), CMS (Combined Medical Services), SCRA (Special Class Railway Apprentice), IES (Indian Economic Service) and ISS (Indian Statical Service).
Among all the exams mentioned above, the Civil Services exam is one of the most popular among the young enthusiasts. Each year, UPSC conducts the civil services examinations in three levels including preliminary exams, main exams and the interview. The successful candidates then get selected for the highly prestigious Indian Administrative Service (IAS), Indian Foreign Service (IFS) and Indian Police Service (IPS). This year the preliminary exam will be held on 23rd August, 2017 in 2 sessions of 2 hours each.
Since its inception, the UPSC examination have been one of the most difficult exams in India to crack with success rate being less then 1 percent. The UPSC exams were recently in controversy for their stringent rules and regulations which includes barring the aspirants from wearing any form of scarf or hizab during the exam.