A teacher’s job is to impart knowledge or skills to the others and so Karl Menninger said – What a Teacher is, is more important than what he teaches.
The job of a teacher involves the specialized application of knowledge, skills and attributes to provide educational needs to the individual and society. Taking teaching as a profession has always been the choice of people and it has also been the foremost career choice of people in India. It has been an honor for being teacher is that, teachers are considered as the strongest pillar of the society. It is a teacher who guides and motivates us to achieve our goals.
People see teaching as an easiest career option but we must tell you that it’s not that simple to tackle students and cope up with them. There are many skills and talent that require becoming a teacher. Let’s first check out the types of teachings:
Types of Teaching
Pre -School Teaching – Teaching children of age group between 3-5 years
Primary school Teacher – Teaching children of age group between 6-12 years
Secondary and higher secondary teaching – Teaching children of age group between 13-16 years
Colleges and universities
Teaching in non-schooling avenues like- Private tuitions and coaching classes
Qualification Required Becoming a Teacher
A candidate can opt for nursery training certificate, diploma or degree after completing their 12th examination to become teacher. A 12th passed candidates along with B.Ed or Diploma or certificate in basic teachers’ training can become Primary Teacher.
To become a secondary level teacher, a candidate must be a graduate or post graduate with B.Ed degree. A degree in B.Ed gives theoretical, practical and analytical skills to the candidates. B.Ed is a two years course and it cannot be pursued with basic graduation degree.
Pre-primary Teacher: Nursery Teacher Training (NTT), Primary Teacher Training (PTT), and Diploma in Education (D.Ed) are available to be become a pre-primary teacher. Montessori Teachers training schools also gives training for pre-school education also.
Primary Teacher: Courses like Bachelor of Elementary Education (B.El.Ed.), Primary Teacher Training programme, or Diploma or certificate in basic teachers’ training of not less than two years duration.
High school Teacher: A graduate candidate with minimum 55% marks can take up B.Ed degree.
Government also conducts recruitment examination for the appointment of candidates on the position of teaching. These exams are:
Teacher Eligibility Test (TET) – TET is a state level examination by NCTE (National Council for Teacher Education) at the primary and secondary levels of teaching.
Central Teacher Eligibility Test (CTET) – This examination is conducted for central government or private schools.
National Eligibility Test (NET) – UGC (Union Grant Commission) conducts NET for candidates who aspire to become lectureship and fellowship.
Scope of Teaching
The scope and future of teaching job is very large in India. Schools, colleges, educational institutes, universities etc. are opening day by day which is generating large number of demand for teachers in the country. After the implementation of 6th Pay Commission, it has improved the pay scale of government teachers. Government also pays huge incentives to the government teachers.
Top B.Ed colleges of the Country:
There are several institutes and colleges in the country that are providing B.Ed course to the candidates.
Guru Gobind Singh Indraprastha University, Delhi
Lady Irwin College, Delhi
Army Institute of Education (AIE), Delhi
University of Delhi, Dept. of Education, Delhi
Jamia Millia Islamia, Delhi
Amity University, Noida
Loreto College – B.Ed Department , Kolkata
St. Xaviers College- Kolkata
Department of Education, University of Calcutta
K.J. Somaiya Comprehensive College of Education, Training and Research, Mumbai
SNDT Women’s University, Mumbai
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