Nature never fails to surprise us. With more than 8.7 million species in eath, 1.3 millions of species have been identified and described. Two more species of eel have been discovered.
The researchers have discovered two new species of electric eels in South America, one of which can deliver a bigger jolt of electricity than any other known animal. The discovery was revealed in a September 10 study, published in Nature Communications.
The researchers have named the eel as Electrophorus voltai (E. voltai) after Alessandro Volta, the Italian physicist who invented the first battery. A 2.5-meter eel was discovered by a team from the São Paulo Research Foundation comprising scientists from the Smithsonian Institute and National Geographic Society along with a wide network of researchers.
The fish can reportedly discharge an electric shock reaching as high as 860 volts, the most powerful of any animal known. Previously the highest known discharge was 650 volts.
According to the scientists, electric eels possess a specialized nervous system that synchronizes the activity of electricity-producing cells called electrocytes.
The eels use this sophisticated nervous system to detect other fish, disrupt nearby electric signals from other fish and paralyze prey. The normal electricity voltage in India is 220 voltage.